Empirical Philosophy

Is defined as relating to experiment and observation rather than theory, with other words, empirical logic is not derived from first principles or abstract definitions or so called innate ideas of the mind. For example, empiricist writers are describing 'human behavior' through observed manifestations of how people act and interact with others. This is in contrast with researchers and theorists who define 'human nature' by speculative means or by studying the behavior of birds, fish, or animals and apply their findings to human beings by a theory they create.

Conditional logic, C-logic, is based upon common everyday knowledge that the world is real as human experience and scientific facts demonstrate its reality. Facts learned through sensory perceptions and scientific observations are classified as human knowledge rather than absolute truth. Consequently, human knowledge is conditional, it can be modified and refined in the light of new data demonstrating the need for modification. Idealist philosophers believe in absolute truth and knowledge, that view is rigid orthodoxy and hinders new discoveries.

Common Sense Ideas, CSI, is contained in thousand page book, I completed in 1989, is a summary of my philosophy. I present necessary and sufficient reasons for the development of conditional logic. I arrived to my conclusion what 'human reality' is through a thought experiment. It demonstrated that without observations and reliance upon human senses no knowledge can be developed. The roots of language, which is the mean of communicating knowledge, sprang from human experiences. The thought experiment led to the empirical notion of time and space as concepts that are impossible to conceive without events; the existence of and motion of  objects. In another part of the book, I demonstrated the exaggerated notion of absolute truth through the developed a discrete piecewise geometry, I named 'Quantum Geometry,' QG. I undertook the development of QG to show that even the axioms and postulates of Euclidean Geometry, the 'King of  pure sciences,'  is abstracted from the real world, not upon innate ideas of the mind.

Conditional logic is one of the most penetrating method in the examination of societal conditions on Earth. There is so much suffering on this planet, millions are dying of hunger, while others are enjoying extreme luxuries of life. In 'On Survival,' a non-political or apolitical method led to the definition of the 'fundamental need' for sheer elementary survival survival. Satisfaction of fundamental need is a survival need for all the species, among  them human beings. Whereas the satisfaction of the 'basic need,' an exclusively human need assures survival in a modern society. The reality of these needs are led to the definition 'survival morality.' These concepts are presented in my book in the chapters, On Survival, and On Society. By clicking on a link on the left column, an abbreviated presentation of each treaties is presented.